We all are more or less spending plenty of our times in the kitchen. But out of all these utensils and items, what is the thing you use most in a kitchen? The faucet in your kitchen is probably the answer.
Because of the pressure, it goes through daily; it may be prone to some problems. Think about the joints. A leaky or malfunctioning fitting can damage the entire faucet system.
Now the question is, how to fix it.
Starting- The general process
Step 1: First, Twist the handles clockwise to turn off the shut-off valves under the sink. Two things can take place in this case. Wither you can’t find any valves, and otherwise, you can find one stuck. Shut off the main supply in case of the second situation.
Step 2: Now, to relieve the remaining water from the line, turn on the faucet handle smoothly. Then cover the drain with a towel or sink plug to small parts from dropping down into the hole.
Determining which type of faucet you have
There are generally four types of faucets.
- Compression faucet- it can easily be recognized by sight as it has two handles — one for hot and another for cold water supply.
- Ball faucet- it contains a ball bearing
- Cartridge faucet- it has a cartridge whose materials vary from the faucet to faucet. The handles often contain a decorative cap.
- Ceramic disk faucet- consists of a ceramic cylinder.
The last three types have only one swiveling arm at the center to supply both hot and cold water as required. You can’t differentiate them by sight. You can only recognize them by disassembling them and observing the internal mechanism.
How to fix a compression faucet?
Step 1: Remove each of the handles
First, remove the decorative cap, if any. Now, remove the screw and then the handle.
Step 2: Remove the nut
Use a wrench to remove it. There is a stem underneath.
Step 3: Expose the seat washer
Take off the stem. You’ll find a thinner circular O-ring that sits on a thicker rubber-made thing. It’s called seat washer.
Step 4: Replace the parts
Find the cause of leaking the faucet.
If you see the handles are leaking, then you need to change the O-ring. Using the same brand of old parts is wise. So take it to the hardware shop to find the brand.
If your faucet is dripping, you’ll find the seat washer worn out. You must find a new one of the exact size as seat washers vary in size. Before installing it, coat the new part in the plumber’s grease.
Step 5: Reassemble the parts
Finally, replace all the parts in the reverse sequence.
How to fix a ball faucet?
Step 1: Purchase a replacement kit
You don’t need to replace the whole faucet but only a few parts. So go to a home repair shop and look at the plumbing section. This replacement kit comes with all the necessary parts and the tools required to fix this.
Step 2: Unscrew and remove the handle
Unlike the compression faucet, first, lift the handle off.
Step 3: Remove the collar and the cap
Use pliers to do this. Also, remove the cam with the tool provided in your replacement kit, washer, and the ball. Unlike the ‘ball and socket’ joint, usually, a white color rubber ball corks the socket. The movement of this ball controls the release of the water.
Step 4: Take out the inlet seal and springs and replace
Use needle-nosed pliers to accomplish this. Now, cut off the old O-ring with a knife. Install a new one after coating it in the plumber’s grease. Then again, install the new seals, springs and cam washer in the reverse sequence.
How to fix a cartridge faucet?
Step 1: Unscrew and remove the handle
Remove the screw first and then tilt the handle backward. Now pull it. If necessary, pry off the cap.
Step 2: Pull the cartridge
Pull it to make it stand up straight. There’s a circular, plastic threaded piece called retaining clip.It sometimes causes trouble by holding the cartridge in its place. So pull it out with pliers if necessary.
Step 3: Locate the faucet spout and the O-ring
Remove both of them. Then reassemble the handle.
How to fix a ceramic disc faucet?
Step 1: Remove the handle and escutcheon cap
First, unscrew the handle. You’ll see the escutcheon (usually metal) lying directly under the handle.
Step 2: Remove the disk cylinder and seals
As you unscrew and remove the cylinder, it’ll expose several seal underside it. Seals are usually made of neoprene. Now, pry them out. If these look Frayed, pitted, worn or thin, for the sake of safety, replace them. So take them to the hardware store so to find the exact match.
Step 3: Clean the cylinders
Use white vinegar especially in case of hard water. Soak the cylinders in the vinegar and wait for some hours for complete build-up. Then consider them for reuse.
Step 4: Finally, Reassemble the handle
Then Turn the water on.
Note: water shouldn’t be run too forcefully. Therefore, turn it slowly. Otherwise, the ceramic disk may crack.
See, fixing a leaky faucet is nothing daunting. Now, collect the tools, identify the leakage and get down to work!